Basil care

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Basil is one of the aromatic herbs easier to grow indoors. It is very popular for its aroma and used in many cuisines around the world. It is used both fresh and dried and is often included in recipes such as pesto, tomato sauce, soups, salads and bread.

It is also used as a key ingredient in fruit dishes and drinks. To ensure that your fresh basil stays fresh and vibrant, it is important that you know some essential aspects of caring for the plant, as well as its characteristics and uses.

Known as Ocimum basilicum L, basil is an herb that is part of the Lamiaceae family, It is native to India, Iran, Pakistan and other regions of Asia.

It has a seasonal cycle from April to September and requires a temperate climate for its growth. Basil prefers to be exposed to sunlight and grow in well-drained soil. with a slightly acidic pH.

It is usually planted in pots and likes to be kept moist but not wet. Basil is a low-maintenance plant, but it does need regular pruning. to ensure its continued growth.

It is very easy to grow, requires little maintenance, is relatively free of pests and diseases and It is ideal to place on a window sill, even if you have little space.

Essential characteristics of basil

The most obvious characteristic of basil is its aroma, which is a combination of sweet and slightly bitter flavor notes. Its leaves are dark green with pointed oval and toothed edges.

The plant also produces small white to light purple flowers that give off an intense licorice-like fragrance. There is a wide variety of basil plants with different shapes and colors.

In addition to its aroma and appearance, it has some important nutritional properties. It is low in calories, but Rich in antioxidant vitamins such as beta-carotene and vitamins A, C and E.

It also contains MHA (magnesium hydroxide), which has anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties. Basil also has hepaprotective effects, as well as digestive properties.

Uses of basil for the home

Basil is used in countless recipes from a wide variety of cuisines. It can be used fresh, dried or in the form of its oil, and is often combined with other spices and herbs to create rich and aromatic flavors.

Basil is a popular ingredient in the preparation of pesto sauce, but it also goes well with tomato-based dishes, soups, salads and bread. It is also used as a key ingredient in fruit dishes and drinks. Some people also sprinkle basil leaves on meats and seafood to give them a unique flavor.

Basil is not only used in cooking, It also has a long history of use in traditional medicine for its beneficial properties. Basil has cleansing and detoxifying properties, and is also known to have anti-inflammatory effects.

Basil has been used as a natural remedy for fevers, respiratory infections and skin problems. The leaves of the plant can also be used to prepare infusions. toning and harmonizing.

How to care for basil at home

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To have basil or others aromatic plants at home, it is essential to pay attention to its care so that it remains healthy and vibrant. First of all, it is essential to choose a location for the pot with plenty of sunlight. The plant should be watered frequently to keep the soil moist but not oversaturated. Be careful not to wet its leaves, as this can cause them to yellow and the plant to rot.

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You can also place it under artificial light, if you use fluorescent bulbs. You can place it underneath for 12 hours a day and you have to place them at a distance of approximately 6 to 12 cm from the top of the plants. It is essential that the light does not touch the bulbs to prevent them from burning.

Soil and irrigation

It also needs fertilizing from time to time to ensure proper growth and help the plant produce more leaves. The plant should be pruned regularly, cutting the upper leaves and stems to encourage a large regrowth.

You have to place it in a container that has good air flow, and also very good drainage. If you are going to place it in a pot, the ideal size is 10 to 12 cm for a starter basil plant.

It needs moist soil, but taking great care that it does not become soaked or waterlogged. You can add a few tablespoons of organic fertilizer to make it grow stronger.

When spring arrives you can place it outdoors, also be very careful because it is very sensitive to the cold. Any change in temperature can blacken the leaves.

Plagues and diseases

It should also be monitored for pests and diseases and treated accordingly. It is recommended to use natural and non-toxic products to avoid damaging the plant.

Regarding pests and diseases of basil black spots can be caused by soil bacteria that dot the leaves. You avoid splashing the leaves when watering them.

A fungal disease that can appear is powdery mildew, It appears as a whitish deposit or white spots on the leaves, which slows their growth and causes the leaves to wither.

A las slugs and snails They love basil and it causes a lot of damage to the plant. You have to check them at night, and remove slugs and snails by hand, cover the soil around them with crushed eggshells or sand.

La greenhouse red spider It is another problem that can appear in these plants. The ideal is to use pesticide sprays suitable for edible plants.

Storing basil

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Something very important to keep in mind is the way to store the leaves of the plant. One option is to wrap the plant in a damp paper towel and place it in a plastic bag.

Another option if you have stems, cut them at the ends and place them in a glass glass with a few centimeters of water, as if it were a bouquet of flowers. Place a plastic bag on top. In this way you help maintain the leaves and stems, preventing them from wilting.

Finally, basil is a versatile and aromatic herb that is used in cooking and traditional medicine. To have basil at home, it is important to know some essential characteristics of the plant, as well as its uses.

As well It is important to be attentive to its care, guaranteeing adequate attention to temperature, light, humidity and pruning. By following these tips, you will be able to enjoy the benefits of fresh basil at home for a long time.


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