Ukunyamekela kweBasil

basil-imbiza-ikhava

I-Basil yenye ye imifuno enamakha kulula ukukhula ngaphakathi. Ithandwa kakhulu ngenxa yevumba layo kwaye isetyenziswa kwiindawo ezininzi zokutya emhlabeni jikelele. Isetyenziswa kokubini isatsha kwaye yomisiwe kwaye isoloko ibandakanyiwe kwiiresiphi ezifana nepesto, itomato sauce, isuphu, iisaladi kunye nesonka.

Ikwasetyenziswa njengesithako esiphambili kwizitya zeziqhamo kunye neziselo. Ukuqinisekisa ukuba i-basil yakho entsha ihlala ihlaziyekile kwaye idlamkile, kubalulekile ukuba wazi imiba ebalulekileyo yokukhathalela isityalo, kunye neempawu kunye nokusetyenziswa kwaso.

Eyaziwa ngokuba yi-Ocimum basilicum L, i-basil yimifuno eyinxalenye yosapho lweLamiaceae, Ivela eIndiya, eIran, ePakistan nakwezinye iindawo zaseAsia.

Inomjikelo wamaxesha onyaka ukusuka kuAprili ukuya kuSeptemba kwaye ifuna imozulu epholileyo ukuze ikhule. I-Basil ikhetha ukuchaswa elangeni kwaye ikhule kumhlaba ongenamanzi. ene-acidic kancinane pH.

Idla ngokutyalwa ezimbizeni kwaye iyakuthanda ukugcinwa ifumile kodwa ingabi manzi. I-Basil sisityalo esinesondlo esincinci, kodwa sifuna ukuthenwa rhoqo. ukuqinisekisa ukukhula kwayo okuqhubekayo.

Kulula kakhulu ukukhula, kufuna ukugcinwa okuncinci, akukho zinambuzane kunye nezifo kwaye Kukulungele ukubeka kwifestile yefestile, nokuba unendawo encinane.

Iimpawu ezibalulekileyo ze-basil

Olona phawu lucacileyo lwe-basil livumba layo, elidityaniswe namanqaku encasa amnandi nakrakra. Amagqabi awo aluhlaza mnyama kunye nencam etsolo embhoxo kunye namazinyo.

Isityalo sikwavelisa iintyatyambo ezincinci ezimhlophe ukuya kwimfusa ezikhanyayo ezikhupha ivumba elimnandi elifana ne-licorice. Kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo zezityalo ze-basil ezinemilo eyahlukeneyo kunye nemibala.

Ukongeza kwiphunga kunye nokubonakala kwayo, inezondlo ezibalulekileyo. Iphantsi kweekhalori, kodwa Zityebile kwiivithamini ze-antioxidant ezifana ne-beta-carotene kunye neevithamini A, C kunye ne-E.

Kwakhona iqulethe i-MHA (i-magnesium hydroxide), enezinto ezichasayo kunye ne-antiviral. I-Basil nayo ineempembelelo ze-hepaprotective, kunye neempawu zokugaya.

Ukusetyenziswa kwe-basil ekhaya

I-Basil isetyenziswe kwiindlela zokupheka ezingenakubalwa ezivela kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zokutya. Ingasetyenziswa esitsha, yomisiwe okanye ikwimo yeoyile yayo, kwaye ihlala idityaniswa nezinye iziqholo kunye nemifuno ukwenza iincasa ezityebileyo nezinevumba elimnandi.

I-Basil sisithako esidumileyo ekulungiseleleni isosi yepesto, kodwa ikwahamba kakuhle nezitya ezisekwe kwitumato, isuphu, iisaladi kunye nesonka. Ikwasetyenziswa njengesithako esiphambili kwizitya zeziqhamo kunye neziselo. Abanye abantu bafefa amaqabunga e-basil kwinyama kunye nokutya kwaselwandle ukuze babanike incasa ekhethekileyo.

I-Basil ayisetyenziswanga kuphela ekuphekeni, Ikwanayo nembali ende yokusetyenziswa kumayeza esintu kwiipropati zayo eziluncedo. I-Basil inokucoca kunye ne-detoxifying properties, kwaye iyaziwa ngokuba nemiphumo yokuchasana nokuvuvukala.

I-Basil isetyenziswe njengeyeza lendalo lomkhuhlane, izifo zokuphefumula kunye neengxaki zesikhumba. Amagqabi esityalo angasetyenziselwa ukulungisa i-infusions. ithoni kunye nokuhambelana.

Indlela yokunyamekela i-basil ekhaya

basil-for-indoor.

Ukuba ne-basil okanye abanye izityalo ezinevumba elimnandi ekhaya, kubalulekile ukunikela ingqalelo ekunyamekeleni kwayo ukuze ihlale isempilweni kwaye idlamkile. Okokuqala, kubalulekile ukukhetha indawo yembiza enokukhanya okukhulu kwelanga. Isityalo kufuneka sinkcenkceshelwe rhoqo ukugcina umhlaba ufumile kodwa ungahluthi kakhulu. Qaphela ukuba ungamanzisi amagqabi awo, njengoko oku kunokubangela ukuba abe tyheli kwaye isityalo sibole.

eLuzi

Unako kwakhona ukuyibeka phantsi kokukhanya okwenziweyo, ukuba usebenzisa izibane ze-fluorescent. Ungayibeka ngaphantsi iiyure ezili-12 ngosuku kwaye kufuneka uzibeke kumgama omalunga ne-6 ukuya kwi-12 cm ukusuka phezulu kwezityalo. Kubalulekile ukuba ukukhanya kungazichukumisi iibhalbhu ukuthintela ukuba zingatshi.

Umhlaba kunye nokunkcenkceshela

Ikwafuna ukuchunyiswa ngamaxesha athile ukuqinisekisa ukukhula okufanelekileyo kwaye incede isityalo sivelise amagqabi amaninzi. Isityalo kufuneka sithenwe rhoqo, ukusika amagqabi aphezulu kunye neziqu ukukhuthaza ukuhluma okukhulu.

Kufuneka uyibeke kwisikhongozeli esihamba kakuhle komoya, kunye nokuhamba kakuhle kwamanzi. Ukuba uza kuyibeka embizeni, ubungakanani obufanelekileyo yi-10 ukuya kwi-12 cm yesityalo sokuqala se-basil.

Ifuna umhlaba ofumileyo, kodwa ulumke kakhulu ukuba ingamanzi okanye igalelwe amanzi. Ungongeza amacephe ambalwa esichumiso esiphilayo ukuze sikhule somelele.

Xa intwasahlobo ifika ungayibeka ngaphandle, kwaye ulumke kakhulu kuba ivakalelwa kakhulu kubanda. Naluphi na utshintsho kwiqondo lokushisa lunokwenza amagqabi abe mnyama.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Kufuneka kwakhona ibekwe iliso kwizinambuzane kunye nezifo kwaye iphathwe ngokufanelekileyo. Kucetyiswa ukuba kusetyenziswe iimveliso zendalo kunye nezingezizo zinetyhefu ukuphepha ukonakalisa isityalo.

Ngokuphathelele izinambuzane kunye nezifo ze-basil amabala amnyama anokubangelwa yintsholongwane yomhlaba elichokoza amagqabi. Uyakuphepha ukutshiza amagqabi xa uwankcenkceshela.

Isifo sokungunda esinokuvela i powdery mildew, Ibonakala njengediphozithi emhlophe okanye amachokoza amhlophe emagqabini, nto leyo eyenza ukuba ukukhula kucothise kwaye kubangele ukuba amagqabi abune.

Ku- ii-slugs kunye neenkumba Bayayithanda i-basil kwaye ibangela umonakalo omkhulu kwisityalo. Kufuneka uhlolisise ebusuku, kwaye ususe i-slugs kunye neenkumba ngesandla, ugubungele umhlaba ojikelezayo ngamagobolondo amaqanda atyumkileyo okanye isanti.

La greenhouse red spider Yenye ingxaki enokuthi ivele kwezi zityalo. Eyona nto ilungileyo kukusebenzisa izitshizi zezitshabalalisi ezifanelekileyo kwizityalo ezityiwayo.

Ukugcina basil

ivenkile-basil.

Into ebaluleke kakhulu ukuyikhumbula yindlela yokugcina amagqabi esityalo. Enye inketho kukusonga isityalo kwitawuli yephepha elimanzi kwaye uyibeke kwisikhwama seplastiki.

Enye inketho ukuba uneziqu, zinqumle eziphelweni kwaye uzibeke kwiglasi yeglasi kunye neesentimitha ezimbalwa zamanzi, njengokungathi yintyatyambo yeentyatyambo. Beka ingxowa yeplastiki ngaphezulu. Ngale ndlela unceda ukugcina amagqabi kunye neziqu, ukuthintela ukubuna.

Okokugqibela, i-basil yimifuno eguquguqukayo kunye nevumba elimnandi elisetyenziselwa ukupheka kunye namayeza esintu. Ukuba ne-basil ekhaya, kubalulekile ukwazi iimpawu ezibalulekileyo zesityalo, kunye nokusetyenziswa kwayo.

Kwakhona Kubalulekile ukunyamekela ukunyamekela kwayo, uqinisekisa ukuqwalaselwa okwaneleyo kubushushu, ukukhanya, ukufuma kunye nokuthena. Ngokulandela ezi ngcebiso, uya kuba nakho ukonwabela izibonelelo ze-basil entsha ekhaya ixesha elide.


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